Jump to content
Forum for Epiphytic Myrmecophytes


Recommended Posts

A friend just sent me an image of Coryantes picturata in flower in situ. It jogged my memory...


I have attached an excellent 2011 article on perhaps the most fascinating ant-associated orchid genus. I would draw everyone's attention to Figure 1, which should be of particular interest to members of this forum.



11_Lankesteriana 11(3) Gerlach.pdf

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Coryanthes William Jackson Hooker.

Published in Botanical Magazine 58, 1831.  All of the 41 Coryanthes species are found growing in very acid conditions on ant-gardens.


Coryanthes macrantha [Hooker] William Jackson Hooker published in Botanical Magazine 58, 1831.  Basionym Gongora macrantha Hooker published in Botanical Miscellany 2, 1831. Synonym Panstrepis paradoxa Rafinesque 1836.  Common names Bucket Orchid; in Trinidad called the Monkey Throat Orchid.  Always associated with ant gardens.

  Description: A large epiphyte with narrowly ovoid, sulcate, (having narrow, deep furrows) bifoliate (two leafed)  pseudobulbs with lanceolate (lance shaped), plicate (pleated) and ribbed leaves with a channeled petiole which blooms on basal, pendant, 30 cm  (12") long, bracteate, 1 to 2 flowered, racemose inflorescences arising on mature pseudobulbs with large, waxy, short lived, fragrant 13cm. (5") summer flowers, smelling strongly of mint and held well below the plant.

  Habitats: Wet lowland rainforests.  Range: Caribbean (Trinidad,) northern South America (Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil & Peru.

  Requires warmth.

Image here. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Coryanthes_macrantha_Orchi_02.jpg

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Coryanthes speciosa (Hook.) William Jackson Hooker published in Botanical Magazine 58, 1831. Basionym Gongora speciosa Hooker published in Botanical Magazine 54, 1827.

  A true ant-garden epiphyte species (Orivel & Leroy 2011.)  Habitats: Epiphytic in low-lying, hot, humid regions, usually below 1000 m (3300 ft.)  Range: Mexico, Caribbean (Trinidad Tobago) Central America (Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica) South America (Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana and Brazil.)

Image. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coryanthes_speciosa

Link to comment
Share on other sites


This topic is now archived and is closed to further replies.

  • Create New...