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  2. Bonjour see here a very good document on the lecanopteris http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/77306 the 45 volume page 293 to 335 they are all the species find on sulawesi jeff
  3. Last week
  4. Hi Frank, I'm sorry for the delay in replying. Thank you for the information. Because of my poor English, I can not fully understand the meaning of research paper.. Your explanation really helped. Akihiro ito
  5. Earlier
  6. Squamellaria guppyana flowering in cultivation

    Great news for the community! I find this to be one of the most attractive of all hydnophytines in cultivation. It combines attractive foliage with a very striking caudex and, of course, the added curiosity of being one of only a handful of hydnophytines known to be dioecious. It is also even faster growing than the very vigorous S. kajewskii and S. imberbis. Unfortunately, I have two large flowering males but hope that we can mix these genes up with Frank's female in 2018 so as to be able to bring this species into broader cultivation in 2019. Jay
  7. Bonjour I use 2 fertilizer for these plants NPK : 23.5.5 for green plants NPK : 13.19.19 now like my amorphophallus here I favor the P (phosphorus for root development) and the K (potassium for flowering and fruit development (drupes)) between 2 fertilizations use rainwater jeff
  8. Seeds of Squamellaria guppyanum came into cultivation in 2014 and 2015 from the island of Bougainville, just to the northeast of Papua New Guinea. My two seeds were planted on May 1, 2015 and sprouted promptly. The first of them started flowering in July of 2017. S. guppyanum is dioecious. That means each plant has flowers that make only eggs or pollen (which becomes sperm), never both. So, if you want to propagate the species by seed you have to have two plants, one male, making pollen in the stamens and one female, making eggs in an ovary. In dioecious plants both male and female parts may be present in the flower but only the parts of one sex are functional. My first-flowering plant is a female. Here is the flower. It is very small, only about 5 mm across and about 5 mm long. These photos are magnified using a dissecting microscope and a video camera. Besides the petals the only other obvious flower parts visible here are the stamens. These are composed of a stalk (called the filament) with a sac on top of it (called the anther) which actually produces the pollen. The filaments here are just barely visible and are round, thick and silvery looking. The anthers each have several dark strips on them but are flaccid because they contain no pollen. The functioning female parts are hidden within the petal tube. For this second photo I have removed the petals and stamens. All that is left is the functional female parts: the rounded ovary at the bottom, with a short style holding up the two stigmas. The stigmas are sticky and the pollen has to be placed on these by insects who have previously visited a male flower of this plant species and picked up pollen on their bodies. This third photo was taken with a hand-held camera. It is the inflorescence of the female Squamellaria guppyanum plant in the axil of a leaf with one open flower to the left end. Wouldn’t make much of a bouquet for your spouse, would it………laughing….. A number of other developing flower buds are on the inflorescence. My second plant of S. guppyanum produced its first flower on November 30, 2017 and much to my relief it is a male plant. Here are two pictures of that first flower, both again with some degree of magnification. You can see that the anthers have broken open and released pollen grains. The faint white lines you see below the anthers within the petal tube are hairs attached to the inside surface of the petal tube. I used the pollen to hand pollinate 3 female flowers that were open on my female guppyanum plant that morning. I am hoping to see fruits forming in a week or two.
  9. wo0o0o0ooooow they look awsome!
  10. 2018 Forum Donors

    Given the success of funding the forum in 2017 with donations from “we the members” let’s go ahead and do the same thing in 2018. With our monthly fees to Invision being only $20 it should not “break the bank” for most of us to pitch in and fund a month or two. This small amount is keeping the fabulous photos and information we have accumulated here available to the entire world via the internet. If you want to step up and fund a month, please send me $20 USD by paypal to frankinmi@aol.com with the “note” line saying “forum” and the name you want me to use for you in the chart below (or let me know if you prefer to be acknowledged as “anonymous”). Whether you choose to fund a month or not, please, all of you, continue to share your information, insights and photos in postings to the forum. Thank you, Forum Administrator, Frank Omilian Happy Holidays and Best Wishes for the New Year! 2018 CONTRIBUTORS TO THE FORUM: January - Bikerdoc February - Bikerdoc March - Jay Vannini April - 伊藤 彰洋 (Akihiro Ito) May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December – Thank you very much to all the donors!!!
  11. Hi Dema, Pm me and I will get that organised for you. Robert.
  12. 2017 Forum year in review

    Thanks as aways Frank for doing all the heavy lifting here since inheriting the forum from previous founder/administrator. I have long been puzzled why such an image-rich and plant family-diverse forum has so little participation after quite a strong start under Andreas. There is certainly keen interest in myrmecophytes as is evidenced by the volume of new publications and a small but robust market in antferns, hydnophytines, ant-dischidias and ant-orchids, but very few people seem to be interested in posting. There were previous arguments made that the "competing" Facebook ant plant fora were sucking all the oxygen/enthusiasm out of the community, but I see that engagement on both Todd Kramer and Derrick Rowe's FB pages have also tailed off substantially from volumes of postings last year. In any case, a lot of interesting happenings in ant plant land, not the least of which is that all five genera of hydnophytines are now in cultivation in the EU and the US (I would guess Japan and Singapore as well, but unsure) and that a lot of very desirable "new" species have found their way into cultivation over the past 18 months. A number of these species will see very limited releases into commercial markets in the US and elsewhere over the next year. In addition, I have been working on sourcing two attractive Peruvian antferns that are not in cultivation yet and hope to obtain living material sometime in 2018 to bring the number of myrmecophytic Microgramma spp. in cultivation to six. All in all, the very best of times for growers to be interested in the cultivation of myrmecophytes! Hopefully, we can restart the forum in January with a new round of engaged members from all over the world. Cheerio, Jay
  13. Hi Robert, I'm a new member to the Forum and I loved the Dischidia pic. that you posted. I live near Brisbane and have a few Dischidia plants. I would love to buy some more. Are you please able to give me some contacts as to where I can buy some. Thanks and regards.....Rudi
  14. 2017 Forum year in review

    2017 Forum year in review As your forum administrator, my stated goal for the forum for the year of 2017 was to provide long term stability for this forum so as to keep all the fantastic information and photos that exist here available to the world. I am very happy with how we progressed towards that goal this year. We did not find a new platform for our information but we did lower the monthly price to keep it with Invision and we spread the burden of that price among a number of the members. Thank you again to all of you who stepped up and sponsored a month of maintenance fees for the price of $20 per month. Your support is appreciated! I see no reason we cannot provide another year of forum stability in 2018 by proceeding with this same system. I will post a 2018 donation chart next week – and I have already received payment for several of 2018’s months! Another achievement in 2017 was getting Invision to update our out-of-date software and that progressed without incident or data loss. The numerical count of our membership went up this year, but many more than joined left our ranks during the year so the membership number is deceptive. Going forward I will gradually strike from the membership list those members who have not visited with us in several years. Likewise posts to the forum are down for the year. Both of these developments are not unique to our forum – the Facebook ant-plant groups have the same issues. What is up with this! Has the cat ants got your tongues! Please, all of you, continue to share your information, insights and photos here and also respond to the newbies who seek our expertise with their questions. Remember, there was a time you were seeking the same information. As always, I welcome your input and comments, either here or to my email at frankinmi@aol.com Frank Omilian, Forum Administrator
  15. Just got back from a wonderful visit to the Matthaei Conservatory where I met up with Frank O. He shared many of his plant with me including a beautiful specimen of Myrmephtum beccarii. The light blue flowers are a sight to see, IMHO! Now, if only his plant would produce some fruits! I would like to acquire seeds and/or a plant of this species.
  16. Monolena primuliflora

    This is one of my favorites. What's not to like.... caudex, beautiful foliage and pretty flowers!!! They definitely require water as they wilt quickly if allowed to dry slightly. As a segue, might anyone have seeds and or plants of another member of this family, Calvoa orientalis?
  17. Weak fertilizer and water the roots. Spraying leaves isn't the best.
  18. That was my problem also. About 3 leaves turned yellow and died and none since, I don't know if the leaves were old and the plant did that or it's some under stress. The plant flowered tho, but I missed the flowering and started to notice some white fruits like some cacti have. I let the plant to dry completely and then water it, it sits on a windowsill and the temp is around 18-20 celsius at night but during the day it gets to around 25C. I'm also wondering about fertilizations because these guys don't get much nutrients from the bark, so they get extra nutrients from ants droppings ( at least that's what i read ). Obviously my plant doesn't have that kind of ant species and the media seems to be coconut fibre which is poor in nutrients. I would like to give it a fertilizer but I don't know if they like to be sprayed with a fertilizer in cultivation. Thanks for the help!
  19. I am also a novice with these plants. I have a few Myr beccarii in my greenhouse. Living in SE Michigan, our winters are pretty gray most days and currently on a gray day the plants are receiving about 140FC of light. I keep the greenhouse between 70F day/62F night. Humidity fluctuates 60%+/- I allow them to dry ever so slightly and then soak them. I have continuous air circulation. Having said all of this, I have been noticing some leaf drop and not certain why, so I could be doing something wrong.
  20. Hi guys, how much watering is needed for Mymecodia Beccarii? Also the temperature and lighting. I am new to ants plants so I have no experience in growing these. Thank you!
  21. A fantastic new seed source.

    Thanks very much for posting all of this information here, Derrick. This is, indeed, an amazing resource for people set up to import seed and care for seedlings. Cheers, J
  22. A fantastic new seed source.

    Enoch has or will have access to seed of the following species not yet in cultivation as far as I am aware. Anthorrhiza areolata. A. bracteosa, A. recurvispina, Hydnophytum orichalcum (a Jebb & Huxley unpublished species but possibly not a Hydnophytum, thus particularly interesting, H. petiolatum var argentatum which is a Jebb & Huxley unpublished new variety from Normanby Island. Myrmecodia "gurney" with reputedly pink fruits, M. tuberosa "siasiada village" which is probably a new 'variant' or may prove to be a new species. Among those fairly common in cultivation are Hydnophytum moseleyanum, the ant-fern Lecanopteris sinuosa (ripe spores survive posting fairly well and Myrmecodia platytyrea subsp. antoinii. He has also found populations of one of the large leafed Hydnophytum species that may be something new but a number of species are in cultivation. Photos of them all are recorded in https://www.facebook.com/groups/498723016920977/. Also bear in mind that Huxley and Jebb's M. tuberosa 'variants' may prove to be full species after future DNA studies. Dischidia nummularia, D. ovata and others are also possibles.
  23. A fantastic new seed source.

    I am posting this here primarily for Jay Vannini whom is among the very best cultivators of ant-plants on our planet, but his disdain for Facebook means he is probably missing an invaluable communications source because it is evident that noone on this site has the initiative to share even very important ant-plant news. I will now set some background. Papua New Guinea is not a developed country and survival there is very demanding especially in remote areas. I was asked to talk to the kids in the mission school about their local ant-plants. Many of the trees in the mission grounds were replete with myrmecophytic guilds. The school had no desks and seats and not a book or writing paper etc. to be seen. When I got home I sent the school a carton of story books but the postage just to the Alotau post office cost more than the contents. Thus expect to pay very well for initial seed offers. Yet even in very distant villages the locals have limited modern communications using smartphones and solar powered chargers. A couple of years ago I was able to reach some of the very remote islands out in the Solomon Sea which are home to a number of rubiacious ant-plants. One of our principal local ecoguides was Enoch Bulunamur who is based in the mission grounds near Siasiada Village on the mainland. He is now very interested in ant-plants and is discovering ever more new to cultivation species (indeed some not even published yet) and many are now being cultivated in the Breakthrough Mission grounds. On my visit we found Anthorrhiza areolata, A. bracteosa, A. recurvispina and what I have tentatively labelled Myrmecodia tuberosa "siasiada village" because it appears to be different from all other Huxley & Jebb 'variants' and other taxa of lesser importance. Since then Enoch has discovered ever more populations of hydnophytums some of which are yet to be published species and one that may be placed in another possibly even a new genus. Most species are not in cultivation. Enoch is now offering seed but I have advised him that he should sell first offers to the highest bidder because of course such rarities are an investment to suitably capable cultivators. This is a huge learning curve for Enoch and if he is succesful then there is a strong possibility he can extend his contacts throughour the PNG mainland so that cultivators can acquire a whole new world of interest. Already Enoch has contacts on the mainland that are reporting ripening hydnophyte seed. It is important to understand that Enoch has very very limited capital to build this venture. Currently communication to Enoch is only through Facebook. I suggest Facebook's "Ant-plant Cultivation" https://www.facebook.com/groups/1498448190449446/about/ as the best site for communication with Enoch Bulunamur but Epiphytic Myrecophyte Images https://www.facebook.com/groups/498723016920977/ offers the best site regarding accurate information regarding the various taxa. There is risk in importing seed thus it is best that it be in the hands of very capable cultivators that also ensure Enoch has the best means of getting such seed to their destination in viable condition.
  24. Bonjour have you picture to their clypeoli and alveoli ? jeff
  25. The March 30, 2017 article revising the genus Squamellaria by Guillaume Chomicki moved Hydnophytum kajewskii and H. guppyanum into the genus Squamellaria. All the threads for Hydnophytum kajewskii and guppyanum that used to be here in the Hydnophytum section of the forum have therefore been moved into the Squamellaria section.
  26. Mealybugs and scale

    If it's helpful, this is a lab in Massachusetts, in the United States. Insecticidal soap has been effective against mealybugs in the short term, but I'm not sure it will have many long term effects and it doesn't work against scale.
  27. Cost-benefit analysis of myrmecophily

    Bonjour Ashley (1971); Rickson(1979) ; Jansen (1974) and Huxley (1978) have worked on this subject , and found similarites with carnivorous plants. jeff
  28. Cost-benefit analysis of myrmecophily

    I'm curious if this sort of analysis has been done on ant plants, as it has for carnivorous plants. Similarly, though it has been shown in myrmecophylic orchids that plants can receive a nitrogen benefit from ant inhabitants, has this benefit been quantified in terms of what fraction of the plant's nitrogen is from ants?
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