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  2. I have translate all the passages in french to english sheet 54-55-56-57 but we have also latin language on it 😉 jeff
  3. This article has some good information. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316666507_Phylogeny_of_the_tribes_Juanulloeae_and_Solandreae_Solanaceae
  4. Last week
  5. Hi Robert, Do you know if I can still get or where i can get one? I'm in Brisbane. Thanks, Lola.
  6. Earlier
  7. Continuing the subject in my last post. With 790 members in my Facebook group I had asked for assistance translating any pertinent epiphytic/ant-plant notes in the document below from French to English. But as is usual, the response has been zero. I am able to translate much of it but there is always not knowing what one does not know. Thus, it would be helpful if someone with Francais as their first language could list any appropriate sentences in French along with a translation in English along with the species name the comments allude to. Archivos, Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Plantes nouvelles ou peu connoes de la région amazonienne. https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/97675#page/61/mode/1up I have researched the taxonomy and found type species and correct modern names etc.
  8. Hi George, Welcome to the forum. We hope you find a lot of useful and interesting information here. Thanks for joining us. As to your H. puffii - you are right to be concerned - the shrinking of the caudex is not a good sign. (A caudex is a swollen stem base -- a bulb is like an onion, a collection of closely wrapped leaves) . When you say "soil" we hope you do not mean soil as in what you plant a garden or regular houseplant in. These ant- plants are epiphytes - plants that live on the surface of another plant so their roots will die if they are planted in normal garden-like soil. They need to be grown in an epiphyte mix like most orchid growers use to grow orchids. Something made of bark chips, long fiber sphagnum, perlite, coconut husk chunks, etc - so that the roots stay moist but can still get air. If you passed the soil test and have the right growing media, the next thought is watering. When you water, water well, not just a little water at the surface. With epiphyte mix you can even set the pot in a small tray or container of water for 10 or 15 mintues, let all the soil components soak up their fill and than take the pot out and not water again for perhaps a week or so until the mix is close to dry again. Do you live where it is cold? If so and if what you are describing as your window growing is between the blinds and the window than your plant could be getting too cold at night Get it a little further from the window. Most of these ant-plants do not like getting below 60 Fahrenheit Cold can cause rot that often presents as a soft, shrinking caudex. Those are my thoughts on your problem based on the information you gave us. If these things I have described are not the possible problem tell us more about your growing situation, perhaps give us photos, and we will try again to help. Let me add that in my experience H. puffii is the poster child for an ant-plant that takes a definite winter rest for me (northern hemisphere, USA,Michigan). They have never grown for me during December to sometime in March or April. They just sit there and look pretty. Thanks again for joining the forum
  9. Hi, I'm new here. I have only had my puffier for a couple months. When I received the plant the "bulb" looked very healthy. But as time goes on I have noticed the "bulb" looks as though it is getting smaller as though it's drying out. It's in a window with blinds facing South. I water when I feel the "soil" drying. Leaves seem fine. I guess my main question is why is the "bulb" appear to be drying and getting smaller?
  10. Hi Bern, I grew it in a greenhouse in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA for about 7 years. It started out as a cutting on a piece of tree fern. When that started growing off the tree fern I nailed that to a tree trunk in the main conservatory and it has grown up that trunk about 8 feet. It has always had some of the bullate leaves but it has not flowered there. I know it got regular fertilizer, but I cannot say that it ever grew vigorously for me - perhaps that is why no flowers.
  11. Philpatrick recently provided me with an interesting link to myrmecophytic fig species, one of which is hypothesized to have evolved a way to provide arboreal ants with domatia building materials. A Facebook botanist/explorer friend has been providing photos of Philippine mistletoes with apparent ant relationships. His most recent photos suggest that material for domatias under construction on a Scurrula mistletoe are perhaps purposely provided by the mistletoe. Which of course suggests co-evolution. It surely suggests more study is required and one hopes my comments will encourage this. https://www.facebook.com/groups/philippineplants/ https://www.facebook.com/groups/498723016920977/ Leads recently provided by Jay have also provided much new information that will be covered in a 2020 edition of my e/book-database, especially in the "Other Plant Families" section.
  12. Thought I'd share photos of some plants grown from seed (purchased from Frank) over the past few years. Hydnophytum Papuanum: Myrmecodia Tuberosa: Myrmecodia species: Unknown (lost the label):
  13. Jay, I am quoting your last paragraph re Philodendron in THE BOOK. Appropriately credited and linked to this site of course. Thanks to this thread and Philpatrick's lead regarding myrmecophytic figs, I have more to keep me busy on rainy days. My Facebook Myrmecophyte group is currently attracting a new member every day, and from many corners of our planet, which is surely connected to the release of my e/book. One hopes that among the young, there will be the leaders of the future.
  14. Thanks to both for kind comments. Frank, hopefully we see greater interest in growing carefully thought out multispecies mounts by myrmecophyte collectors. The orchid growing community have been sold "species sticks" by a few US nurseries for some time but they are usually just a hodgepodge of species tied on a manzanita branch and priced 3X. I have already shown some mounts I did in Guatemala with Myrmecodia tuberosa and some Malesian Dischidia spp. about 12 years back, but there is clearly a great deal of room for improvement on my efforts. Derrick, thanks very much for catching that vagrant "n". I usually snipe stray typos in the articles myself over time, but haven't yet had a chance to go over that one with a perfectly clear set of eyes. I think that outside of the research community, the line between a "mymecophyte guild" and an "ant garden" is a bit blurred. I view standalone myrmecophytic epiphytes growing in isolation as one end of the spectrum, and these giant, complex parabiotic ant carton-based communities at the other, with everything in between as being some sort of "ant garden" or other in the eyes of many entomologists and botanists. I hope that the images in the article showing mature Myrmecophila spp. as community anchors with "satellite" orchids and bromeliads growing in their immediate vicinity illustrate how variable these ant garden models can be in the Neotropics. These smaller ant-inhabited plants growing on the periphery of community probably both provide and derive defenses to/from the broader garden area dominated by cow horn orchids. I don't have any of my friends or colleagues assist in editing my work except when doing a joint publication so no complaints on that end. Everyone I know is busy trying to make a living and building their own image banks or online presence, so I try and lean on them as rarely as possible and solely to provide me with particular images I need in order to generate fully original content. Neither Fred nor Ron are particularly interested in myrmecophytes, but do encounter them in nature during the course of their fieldwork. These men are obviously most focused on orchids. In this particular case, both were at localities in LatAm with ant garden plants whose images I wanted and were able to take some fresh shots specifically requested for this piece, apart from retrieving a few others from their archives, as a special favor. Besides the species mentioned in the article, the 500 lb gorilla in the room as regards myrmecophytes, IMO, is Philodendron. This very large Neotropical aroid genus (~600 described species with well over 1,000 now believed to be out there), has MANY species with EFNs, succulent and semi-hollow petioles and birds-nest or otherwise litter trapping plant forms. I strongly believe that further research will reveal much closer relationships between some philos and ants than is currently documented. I also suspect that, as is known to be the case in some bromeliads, some are closely ant-associated and prone to self-pollinate at one locality and not at another. Best regards, J
  15. Yes, a truly fantastic article that I will need to study in detail. It provides new leads for additions to my 2020 edition and photos I would love to have access to. Would future book editions provide much better dissemination to the world's myrmecophyte fraternity of the invaluable information Jay and his contacts provide? Outside of the jargon filled world of academia there are very few information sources for the lay public. I certainly welcome others to assist or even take over my book project. I also welcome corrections or whatever, but feed back so far has been virtually zero. Indeed, have my efforts been a waste of my time? Yet from the constant rate of new members now joining my Facebook group from all over the world, it seems it is being spread widely. Incidentally, I promote all of the pertinent information platforms. Being partisan as some so evidently are, does NOT help the spread of knowledge. New World ant gardens were once better known than Old World examples, presumably because of easier access. Certainly it was thought (in Europe?) that ant gardens were only common in the New World tropics where most had long been studied (obviously rather poorly?). Dr Eve Kaufman (2003) in her ground breaking study found them to be abundant in the tropics of Southeast Asia." http://publikationen.ub.uni-frankfurt.de/volltexte/2003/273/pdf/KaufmannEva.pdf Feedback. Its correctly Dolichoderinae. The very large ant-garden sizes Jay quotes are certainly new to me and presumably to most if not all Old World field workers. Also, I am not aware if Australia has any ant gardens. I have never seen one or found a written record. We do have myrmecophyte guilds but that means little in this regard. Already my 2019 edition is being superseded. For example, explorer botanist Mark Gregory Rule has provided photos of another Philippine mistletoe species with an ant inhabited haustorium. Of course, these photos raise more questions than answers without ecological study, but interest is being raised among those with access to these plant's habitats. Jay. Are your contacts working in the field sufficiently interested to read my book/data base and provide pertinent comments and habitat photos?
  16. Fantastic Piece Jay !!!! Just great! I can't get over how good your photos are. Beautiful flowers. The step by step instructions and photos for building that display are priceless. You know a lot of us are going to have a go at it ourselves! Thank you for your continuing support of the forum both monetarily and with your exciting and insightful posts. We appreciate you sharing so generously with us!!! Frank
  17. Howdy: As we all know, this forum showcases an amazing variety of Old World myrmecophytes in nature and cultivation, yet the Neotropical forms have been a bit neglected over the years. Due to an immense amount of confusion about the identities of some ant-associated orchid species, as well as the fact that some ferns, bromeliads and cacti appear to be obligate myrmecophytes in some regions but not in others, makes writing about Neotropical ant plants a fraught endeavor for those without boots-on-the-ground experience with tropical American ant gardens and their plants. I have been toying with the idea of assembling a couple of hanging displays centered on Neotropical ant gardens after unsuccessfully trying to convince our local botanical garden that the associated flora are certainly of as much interest as the more familiar Malesian myrmecophytes. Sadly, "Big Myrmecodia-on-the-Brain" seems to be the order of the day over there... Anywise, here's the first build, as a nod to the the staggering diversity of ant garden flora of the New World Tropics and one way to display them. https://www.exoticaesoterica.com/builds-gear-and-hacks/2019/12/8/ants-in-my-plants Enjoy, J
  18. Has anyone cultivated Dischidia major and had it flower and set seed? If so, were you able to germinate and grow plants from the seeds? I have recently acquired two D. major plants that are rooted cuttings. I'm just curious if D. major flowers easily in cultivation and produces viable seed. Thanks for your help.
  19. Hi, Derrick. These Ceratostema spp are epiphytic, but many others grow as terrestrials or hemiepiphytes. I have not observed EFNs on those terrestrial forms that I grow. J
  20. I am adding Disterigma utleyorum to a 2020 edition of THE BOOK. (Currently it is raining again here) As an ant garden resident it warrants inclusion. I welcome any news regarding other epiphytic species. My impression is that the others mentioned above are terrestrial????
  21. This work has at times been almost overwhelming. During our wet winters, it is not hard to stay indoors and write, but summer is at last here, so I will be outside a lot more working on my land or cycling our many bike trails etc. I will try to keep updating this data base but in mere months I will be eighty with all that such implies. Therefore, perhaps others will take over updating this resource in future. Certainly, a comprehensive chapter by Jay Vanini on cultivation would add immensely to its usefulness. It follows that I welcome reports of the errors that I am certain must be many in a work of this size. A major advantage of an E/database is that it can be continually improved. As I write there have only been 18 views of this thread. Facebook surely has many flaws but its outreach is immensely superior. A lot of photos came from Facebook contacts. A thought for the future is that appropriately experienced individuals could concentrate on specific chapters.
  22. A common question on this forum and on the facebook ant-plant groups is "Where can I get a book about the ant-plants? We have never had a good answer to that and while there is still no traditional book to fill that need, as of today, there is a free and very thorough e-book answer of yes, YES, YES Derrick Rowe has completed the revision of his epic resource "2. Epiphytic Myrmecophytes. Bizarre Wonders of Nature, 2019" and he has very graciously given me permission to make it available here to all of us! The amount of information and photos he has assembled in this work is absolutely amazing! This is such a valuable resource that it has to be kept available on the internet and I am very happy that we have it available to us all, here and now. You will find the free download available below in the Ant Plants - general information, literature and links folder. Thank you very much Derrick for your years of work on this project and for freely providing it to the ant-plant community!!!
  23. Derrick Rowe has completed the revision of his epic resource "2. Epiphytic Myrmecophytes. Bizarre Wonders of Nature, 2019" and he has very graciously given me permission to make it available here to all of us! The amount of information and photos he has assembled in this work is absolutely amazing! This is such a valuable resource that it has to be kept available on the internet and I am very happy that we have it available to us all, here and now. There is something here for each of us. To a newbie to ant-plants this will seem overwhelming - maybe at first the best resources here for you will be the fantastic photos. More experienced ant-planters will find it very useful that Derrick has done the hard work when it comes to researching a specific species. He has done all the background work and provided all the links you need to fully understand any of these species to the best degree possible at this time. The work is composed of 17 Word files within Dropbox software. I did not have to download Dropbox before downloading the files. They are compressed files and my download placed the files as a "zipped" file in my "downloads" folder. Disk spaced used was 730 MB. The link I used to download the files is: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/4t43iclly4gn326/AABi4SH-atDda3dd4pd4TuSaa?dl=0
  24. Yes, I agree that the lignotuber looks very much like a potato. With age, the lignotubers of quite a few Neotropical Ericaceae can become massive. I have posted an image on my website of a caudex on a wild Macleania insignis the size of a bullock's heart. Flowers remain in perfect condition for more than three weeks and are quite substantial in weight and substance. A few more opened this week. The black inner tips of the corollas are remarkable. J
  25. I really like the third image. It gives me ideas for a potluck. I'm thinking butter, sour cream, chopped green onions and bacon pieces would be good as toppings for that nice looking tater. I am glad you shared this. Amazing post!
  26. Hi Katie, Very nice photo of the snacking ant! Welcome to the ant-plant forum, we are glad to have you here. You have already brought us a wonderful gift - that link to the "indefenseofplants" blog. Fantastic site! I want everyone to take the time to check that out and bookmark that site for yourselves. Matt there has great incite into a lot of areas of biology and a knack for using photography. His work reminds me a lot of Jay's blog. Great stuff in both places! And I must thank you, Katie, for warming the heart of this retired teacher - we teachers like nothing better than seeing our students pursuing further, on their own, the knowledge we introduced them to. Thank you very much. Please keep looking around our forum, there is a lot to learn here. We keep it on the internet just for that purpose. Frank
  27. Ant drinking from extrafloral nectaries on adenia glauca. I was worried when I first saw the ants all over the vines of this caudex plant, which I inherited from a friend, and thought, "uh oh...aphids?" Yet upon inspection found none. Which prompted me to do some research, and I was fascinated to learn that it has extrafloral nectaries to attract the ants. I mostly collect cacti and succulents, and was fascinated to learn about this symbiotic relationship, which I didn't know existed outside of what I thought of as the true "ant plants." This discovery, combined with my visits to the Matthaei Botanical Gardens greenhouse to see the lovely collection there, inspired my foray into the world of ant plants. Very new to it (first hydnophytum specimens purchased from Frank at the Michigan Cactus and Succulent Society show in September) and excited to learn. 🥰 http://www.indefenseofplants.com/blog/category/Flowering+Plants
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